A situation where you would need to perform CPR on a child is a difficult thing to consider, let alone do. Children would normally need CPR because of a respiratory problem, whereas adults normally need CPR because of a Cardiac (Heart) condition. This is why CPR for children is slightly different. We first give 5 rescue breaths and then 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths. You then repeat 30:2 until you are relieved, the EMS arrive, the child shows signs of recovery, or you are too tired to continue.
When providing breaths, cover the child’s mouth with yours and pinch the nose closed or use a face shield. You just need to gently blow for one second until you see the chest rise. To do compressions, place one hand in the centre of the chest and push down at least one third the depth of the chest for the 30 compressions at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. If you cannot do this, then use both hands.
Always send a bystander to call EMS immediately if possible. If you are on your own, you should use the “Call Fast” approach and carry out 1 minute of CPR then go and make the call.